Portal Jurnal UPI

Saung Guru

Sarana Aktivitas Dan Unggulan Guru

« Volume 5, Nomor 2, Oktober 2016


Ikbal Eki Nugraha, Didin Saripudin, Syarif Moeis
One form of freedom struggle through Keroncong as the media, to encourage morale, motivation and sense of nationalism to the people (warriors). This journal aims to inform the reader that keroncong took part in the independence struggle. In the educational curriculum of Indonesian history commonly presented the independence struggle by means of war, guerrilla or with political diplomacy, and ignore the aspect of a musical piece (song) whose role is no less important than other struggles in freedom, it is unfortunate because many keroncong are worth educational and inspiring. The method that used in compiling this paper is historical method, includes heuristics, criticism, interpretation and historiography. The data collection technique used is literature technique. Portuguese berth in archipelago create cultural acculturation that become keroncong. Dutch arrival impact on the keroncong spread to all the archipelago, so people love kroncong as entertainment. Japanese colonial period, kroncong experiencing rapid development. Keroncong theme changed drastically, not only as media entertainment such as in Dutch East Indies period, but during the freedom struggle 1942-1946 Keroncong theme as propaganda of struggle. The existence and popularity of Keroncong in 1942-1946 covered more rapidly with radio, newspapers, magazines and festivals. Also their nicknames (BuayaKeroncong). Composers such as Kusbini, Ismail Marzuki, R Maladi and Gesang their role in uplifting struggle and Nationalism in 1942-1946 through song called Kewajiban Manusia, Rayuan Pulau Kelapa, Sepasang Mata Bola, Selendang Sutera, Rangkaian Melati, Dibawah Sinar Bulan Purnama, Roda Dunia and Jembatan Merah.

Kata kunci : Buaya Keroncong, Keroncong, R Maladi, Gesang

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