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« Vol. VII No. 3 Desember 2015

PENGARUH METODE DEMONSTRASI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN SISWA MENULIS TEKS PROSEDUR

Hernawati (SMA Negeri I Bantaeng)
Abstrak
Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah metode demonstrasi meningkatkan kemampuan siswa menulis teks prosedur. Penelitian ini juga dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah siswa tertarik menulis teks prosedur melalui metode demonstrasi. Peneliti menerapkan metode quasi eksperimen dengan menggunakan dua kelompok yakni kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol. Tiap kelompok terdiri atas 30 siswa. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Bantaeng dan sampel dipilih melalui teknik cluster random sampling. Peneliti menggunakan tes menulis di kedua kelompok. Data diolah melalui program SPSS 17.0 version. Dalam melalukan penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan metode demonstrasi di kelompok eksperimen and metode ceramah di kelompok kontrol. Di samping itu, peneliti menggunakan kuestioner untuk mengetahui minat siswa menulis teks procedur melalui metode demonstrasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang berarti antara hasil posttest kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol. NilaI rata-rata posttest di kelompok eksperimen adalah 73.00 sedangkan nilai rata-rata posttest kelompok control adalah 65.67. Nilai probabilitas posttest yakni 0.001 lebih rendah dari tingkat signifikansi ? (0.05). Hal ini berarti bahwa h1 diterima dan h0 ditolak. Dengan kata lain, metode demonstrasi yang digunakan di kelompok experiment meningkatkan kemampuan siswa menulis teks prosedur. Selanjutnya, nilai rata-rata kuestioner adalah 83.13. Nilai ini berada pada kategori “ketertarikan tinggi”. Hal ini berarti bahwa siswa tertarik menulis teks prosedur melalui metode demonstrasi. Abstract. This research was conducted to find out whether or not demonstration method improves students’ ability to write procedure texts and to find out whether or not the students are interested in writing procedure texts through demonstration method. The researcher employed quasi experimental method. This research assigned two groups namely experimental group and control group. Each group consisted of 30 students. Population of the research was the tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Bantaeng and the sample was chosen by applying cluster random sampling technique. The researcher used writing test both in experimental group and control group. The data was analyzed through SPSS 17.0 version. In conducting the research, the researcher applied demonstration method in experimental group and lecture method in control group. Besides, the researcher used questionnaire to find out the students’ interest in writing procedure texts through demonstration method. The result of data analysis showed a significance difference between the result of posttest in experimental group and in control group. The mean score of the students’ posttest in experimental group was 73.00 while the mean score of the students’ posttest in control group was 65.67. The probability value of posttest was 0.001 which was lower than the level of significance ? (0.05). It means that h1 was accepted and h0 was rejected. In other words, demonstration method applied in experimental group improves students’ ability to write procedure texts. Furthermore, the mean score of the data from questionnaire about students’ interest in writing procedure texts through demonstration method was 83,13. It was classified as “high interest” category. It means that the students were interested in writing procedure texts through demonstration method.

Kata kunci : demonstration method, procedure text, student’s ability

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