« Volume 1, Nomor 1 , April 2012
IMF DAN PRIVATISASI BUMN PADA MASA ORDE BARU ANTARA TAHUN 1967-1998
Feni Endah Nurfitriyani
AbstrakKata kunci : Privatization, BUMN (state-owned enterprises), IMF, New Regim
Privatization of BUMN in Indonesia had become the nation's problems, due to the potential of natural and national shared services management responsibilities given to private parties or foreign. Privatization should be reconsidered by the government, because privatization has authorized all the policy making of Indonesia's natural wealth has been fallen into foreign hands, and it has been occurred since the New Order. This study uses historical technic analysis and library research. The approach used is an interdisciplinary approach, the main science history that is assisted with the concept of other filelds like economics and politics. The research questions are: (1) How does the position of BUMN in the economy of Indonesia?, (2) How is the role of the IMF in Indonesia in relation to the privatization of BUMN between the years 1967-1998?, (3) What is the impact of privatization between the years 1967-1998 to Indonesia's economy?. The result showed that the position of BUMN explanation in view of the Constitution as the fulfillment of the needs of the people who owned and managed the state. Privatization policy has started since 1967 until the end of the New Order it has occurred in strategic sectors, such as telecommunications, electricity, water, coal, paper, oil, cement, mining, oil, and many more. IMF role in the privatization of state-owned enterprises is as an organization that initiates the New Order government's policy in privatization. The impact of privatization advocated by the IMF is to shift the state to private ownership, so that Indonesia is losing potential wealth. Thus, the loan funds to the IMF has resulted the government has foreign debt and become dependent on foreign funding. So the consequences of the loan funds, the privatization of state-owned enterprises to the economic policies run under the direction of the IMF.
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