Portal Jurnal UPI

INVOTEC (Innovation Of Vocational Technology Education)

Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan

« Vol. VII No. 1 Februari 2011

MODEL PELATIHAN KEWIRASWASTAAN BIDANG JASA KETERAMPILAN OTOMOTIF

Inu Hardi Kusumah
Abstrak
Penelitian ini mengambil topik tentang model pelatihan kewiraswastaan bidang jasa keterampilan otomotif . Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode penelitian dan pengembangan (research and development) dengan pendekatan pokok kualitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah berupa angket, wawancara, observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Penyebab Remaja putus sekolah yaitu (a) faktor psikologis keremajaannya, (b) faktor ekonomi orang tua dan (c) faktor lingkungan tempat mereka tinggal. Pengembangan model konseptual dirancang dengan pendekatan analisis kebutuhan latihan dengan beberapa kegiatan: (a) rekrutmen peserta, (b) penentuan patok duga kompetensi, (c) penjadwalan, (d) fasilitas dan tempat, (e) pelaksanaan dan evaluasi program.Model empirik dihasilkan merupakan pengembangan model konseptual melalui validasi, analisis dan kesekapatan bersama antara peneliti, PKBM, Perguruan Tinggi, pihak pengusaha dan beberapa ahli dalam bidang pelatihan.Hasil uji coba dan implementasi model empirik pelatihan kewiraswastaan bidang jasa keterampilan otomotif menunjukkan adanya ketercapaian tujuan, sehingga model empirik tersebut dikatakan efektif.

The title of the research is “The Model of Entrepreneurship Training for Automotive Vocational Skills”.The approach of this research is research and development, in which the main approach is qualitative that is complemented with the quantitative approach in order to obtain the preliminary exploration data. The instruments of research are questionnaire, interview, observation and test. The findings of research indicate as in the follow:The causes of the juvenile dropped out of school are the factors of the: (a) juvenile psychological, (b) economic of family, and (c) environment where they live. The development of conceptual model to solve the problems of juvenile dropped out of school can be designed by using the approach of needs assessment analysis for training. The activities are required in the development of conceptual model are: (a) recruitment of trainee candidates, (b) determination the hypothesis of competency, (c) scheduling, (d) facilities and area/(building for training), and (d) implementation and program evaluation.The empirical model was developed based on the conceptual model through the validation, analysis, and shared agreement among the researcher, community learning centre (PKBM), university, entrepreneurs and training specialists.The finding of try-out and implementation of empirical model of entrepreneurship training for automotive vocational skills indicated the availability aim and objective achievement; and that’s why it can be stated that the empirical model is effective.

Kata kunci : entrepreneurship, otomotive skill.

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