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« Volume 3, Nomor 2 ,Oktober 2014

NETRALITAS SWISS DALAM PERANG DUNIA II 1939-1945 (Perspektif Sosiologi-Antropologi)

PERDIANSYAH
Abstrak
This paper entitled "SWISS NEUTRALITY IN WORLD WAR II 1939-1945 (Sociology-Anthropology Perspective)". The Issue that is addressed and studied in this paper is "How was the enactment of the Swiss political neutrality from the perspective of its society's socio-anthropological in 1939-1945?". The social and cultural life of Swiss until the World War II was known for its heterogeneity that consists of various ethnicities, languages and religions. In the social and cultural life, it was frequently occurred a social and religious background conflict, but this conflict did not lead to a disunity. The attitude of Swiss neutrality during the World War II was provoked due to the European situation. Precisely, when the Congress of Vienna was held in 1815, when the neutrality of Swiss was recognized by the international community ever since, and it could be maintained up to World War I and World War II ended. During the World War II, the Swiss participated in maintaining the neutrality of the state by enacting the conscription on society. The attitude of Swiss neutrality had an impact on the country and its society. The neutrality enactment led Swiss to be a gathering place for refugees from various countries in Europe, then the impact for the society that led to the lessening of food needs, especially after France fell, that made Swiss even had to help the government by providing land for growing crops to meet the food needs, though it was done in unusual places such as home yards and sports fields.

Kata kunci : Swiss neutrality, Swiss cultural heterogeneity, World War II

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