« Volume 2, Nomor 2 , Oktober 2013
Gerakan Partai Komunis Indonesia :Strategi Partai Dalam Mencapai Kekuasaan Politik Di Indonesia (1920-1966)
Ami Abdullah Fahmi
AbstrakKata kunci : PKI, political strategies, revolution of parliament, Parliament
Researcher’s background in conducting the problem is a condition of resurrection of PKI after carrying out a rebellion until it becomes one of three biggest Indonesia Politics in 1960-1965. A used method is historical method. The main problem in the paper is “How is PKI action in grabbing political power in Indonesia (1920-1966)?” The main problem then divided into four research questions; as follows (1) How is strategy pattern of PKI in arrogating political power on rebellion event of 1926? (2) How is strategy pattern of PKI in arrogating political power on rebellion event of 1948? (3) How is strategy pattern of PKI in arrogating political power on election event of 1955? (4) How is strategy pattern of PKI in arrogating political power on rebellion event of 1965? Based on research results, they can be concluded that first, Semaun operated ilfiltrasi tactics into SI organization but after disunity happened among SI and PKI, Semaun changed its party strategy become labor reorganize and conducted rebellion movement of 1926 – 1927 which was failed. Second, after the rebellion of 1926 – 1927 failed, PKI chose a new leader, it is Musso. Strategy used by Musso in purpose to reach dominance is combine all communist and socialist parties into to party, PKI, oppose foreign politics which is compromising for domestic politics in order to conduct reorganize its structure and government apparatus and build National Front, the strategy is used to reach dominance in Indonesia by executing movement in Madiun 1948 which was ended by their failure. Third, after PKI’s failure in reaching dominance in Indonesia, raised a new leader, he is Aidit, who implemented tranquility strategy to his party. The strategy is tended to acquire vote in election. Aidit did a Jalan Tengah strategy; it is to direct party to become powerful party and get people sympathy, but all at once to build strong party structure in order to not loose in performing the strategy. The strategy become PKI success, as PKI was succeed get into big four of election winner. Fourth, after winning the election of 1955 – 1957, Aidit applied different strategies in 1964 referred to Mao strategy in revolution of 1949. Those things raised PKI rebellion of 1965, which were caused dispersion of PKI by using TAP MPRS 1966.
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