« Volume 2, Nomer 2, Mei 2010
IMPACT OF TOURISM ON ECOLOGY FUNCTION IN CIMANGGU CONSERVATION AREAWahyu Surakusumah1*
, Aris munandar2
, Sambas Basyuni3
, Hery Purnomo. Program Studi Biologi
AbstrakKata kunci : Ecological carrying capacity, phytoplankton, assimilation capacity, macrobenthos, resilience
Cimanggu Nature Recreational Park is a nature conservation area which has a protective function as life support systems, preserving species diversity of plants and animals, and may be utilized for the benefit of tourism. Growth in tourist arrivals at TWA Cimanggu may cause a threat to the preservation of conservation areas and tourist attraction. This happens when the utilization of the region exceeds its carrying capacity. The aim of this study is to identify the ecological carrying capacity of TWA Cimanggu as a conservation areas used for tourism activities. The results showed that the TWA Cimanggu have a larger carbon stocks than the IPCC’s recommendation. Carbon stock of natural forest area, forest Rasamala and Eucalyptus forest was 363.32 tons ha-1, 195.36 ton ha-1 and 116.23 tons ha-1. Based on phytoplankton diversity indices, showed that the station 1 and 3 has lightly polluted while station 2 heavily polluted due to the explosion number of phytoplankton population. Based on the macro benthos diversity index, station 1 was categorized clean/not contaminated, while at stations 2 and 3 were lightly polluted. Pollution load simulation results showed that TWA Cimanggu have suffered pollution by phosphate. Ammonia pollution carrying capacity will be passed in 2019; meanwhile organic waste will be passed in the year 2011 to 2013. On the other hand, nitrate and garbage had not been exceeded until the year 2032.
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