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PERSPEKTIF GENDER ANAK USIA DINI MELALUI REPRODUKSI NARASI BUKU CERITA ANAK BERARKETIP GENDER

R. Della N Kartika Sari
Abstrak
As young readers, children subconsciously adopt reader subject position that a particular story offers. In this case, they reproduce any story (traditional fairy tales and modern stories) with their own illustration which is highly influenced by the reader subject position and the sociocultural constructions manifested in the stories. The research believes that that children’s narration in pictures subsumes gendered perspective (gendered reader subject position) which is constructed by the accepted socio-cultural values. The research examined narrative responses and pictures made by ten kindergarten students after being given stories with gender-stereotyped contents. Several theories regarding gender construction such as Stephens’ theory of discourse (1992) and also gender theories in post-structural feminist perspectives are utilized in the project. Kress and van Leuweun’s (1996) work on visual grammar is also adopted to investigate the children’s illustration in reproducing the stories. It is found that the children reproduced gender archtyped pictures books in the form of their drawings by adopting their cultural values that connect the story with their own experiences in everyday life. It is also found that gender ideology places children as gendered subject through the characters by the children adapting their cultural values and their own everyday experiences into their drawing. The children reinterpreted traditional stories and gender patterns. In this way, the children used the stories creatively, reshaping them to fit their own purposes.

Kata kunci : gendered reader subject position, visual grammar, gender roles, gender stereotypes, gender archetyped picture books

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